Additional Resources

Institutional Culture Section

Institutional Culture & Organizational Barriers

Institutional culture can play a significant role in all aspects of work performance including the promotion of ethical actions and the potential for unethical behavior. Responsible and ethical research can be bolstered by organizational cultures that prioritize and support such behavior. On the other hand, in organizations where responsible research is seen as a compliance box to check or undue pressure is placed on securing funding and publishing papers, unethical behavior may be more likely to arise. Sufficient attention and focus should be placed on conducting research with integrity so that it is integrated into organizational operations.

Additional Resources


  • Geller, G., Boyce, A. Ford, D.E., and Sugarman, 2010. Beyond “Compliance”: the Role of Institutional Culture in Promoting Research Integrity. Academic Medicine, 85 (8): 1296-302.
  • Langlais, P.J. 2012. Ethical Decision Making in the Conduct of Research: Role of Individual Contextual and Organizational Factors. Science and Engineering Ethics, 18 (3) 551-555.
  • Titus, S.L., Wells, J.A. and Rhoades, L.J. 2008. Repairing Research Integrity. Nature, 453 (19) 980-982.


  • Chronister, L.U. and Kiloren, R. (2008). The Organization of the Research Enterprise. In E.C. Kulakowski & L.U. Chronister (Eds.), Research Administration and Management (41-64) Burlington, MA, Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
  • National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. 2017. Fostering Integrity in Research. National Academies Press.
  • National Research Council. 2002. Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment that Promotes Responsible Conduct. National Academies Press.
  • Rudin, M. 2015. Creating a Culture of Compliance: The Role of the Vice President for Research. Implementing a Comprehensive Research Compliance Program: A Handbook for Research Officers. Information Age Publishing.